Mars Home is a deployable Mars habitat concept based on an inflatable structure that makes use of water ice on the Red Planet. Mars Home could provide a large, flexible and cost-effective workspace that can be used for many of the key activities that are essential for the long-term success of a human outpost on Mars.
Much of the cost-effectiveness comes from the incorporation of Martian resources into the Mars Home, which means not as much material would need to be launched from Earth.
Water ice serves as shielding from galactic cosmic rays (GCRs), which have been flagged as potentially dangerous to human health on long-duration Mars surface missions. An Ice Home could significantly reduce astronauts' GCR dosages compared with habitats based on an aluminum structure
As currently envisioned, Mars Home would provide work space for a crew of four. The concept incorporates a sleep area, a food-production area, a logistics area, a recreation area and a work area.
The pressure inside the habitation area would be 14.7 lbs. per square inch, and it would feature a comfy internal temperature of 72 degrees Fahrenheit (22 degrees Celsius).
Mars Ice Home would also be connected to one or more additional habitation areas.
Pure water ice acts as the fill material for Ice Home's shielding and structure. The primary insulation layer between the water cells and the ice cells would be a carbon dioxide gas cell layer, which would use gas from the Martian atmosphere.
All of the materials we've selected are translucent, so some outside daylight can pass through and make it feel like you're in a home and not a cave.